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Trolls, Trump and Elon Musk: a Twitter tale foretold
The acquisition of Twitter by the world's richest person brings to a boil social media’s still-open question of liability and responsibility
The acquisition of Twitter by Elon Musk is a riveting moment in one of the grand stories of our times: technology’s disruption of the culture and economy. For a mere $44 billion, the enigmatic billionaire becomes a key decider on whether social media is recast as a force for good, or at least is prevented from destroying civilization.
The world’s richest person has been flirting with Twitter for some time. His move carries a sense of inevitability and brings to a boil social media’s still-open question of liability and responsibility. Musk argues that free speech is what animates him, as the bedrock of democracy. But there is no such thing: we are not free to shout “fire” in a crowded theater.
If Musk understands this he does not betray it, yet the problem cannot be ignored. The question of how to handle the outrageous, the libelous and the incendiary is central to the success of his new toy. The answer probably lies in a combination of balance, nuance and compromise, which can be boring to the swashbuckling disruptor.
With so much hanging in the balance, I offer a survey of the issues on this ornate but wobbly table.
A force for the good, the bad and the ugly
Since its inception about two decades ago, social media has benefitted tremendously from Section 230 of the US Communications Decency Act, which protects it from liability for user-generated content it distributes. This has been adopted globally and sounded reasonable, but principles must be weighed against results.
Social media has done good by enabling high school chums to reconnect, hosting open and real-time debate on a global scale, and spawning a golden age of kitten images and cute baby portraits which add a version of good karma to the world.
On the other hand, we have experienced epic damage in the form of teen anorexia caused by the obsession with image, dopamine addition, and the devastation of the news media. Perhaps worst of all has been the abuse of social media by extremists and idiots spreading lies and fomenting conflict.
We are living a paradoxical moment in which Twitter is front and center: anti-democrats and racists run riot online; illiberal progressives exact mob justice against offenders of their precious sensibilities, which appears to have earned the particular ire of Musk. Moderates and liberals watch the whole thing in horror. Civility is threatened with extinction.
Censorship seems wrong — but eliminating moderation would open the floodgates to every kind of lunacy, including almost certainly pedophilia.
Critically, no one knows what to do about so-called “trolls” — which brings us to the number one such exemplar, and perhaps the question of the day.
Will Trump be replatformed?
We live in an era of celebrity where grand narratives are reduced to the players on the stage. People want to know if Musk will let Donald Trump back on Twitter.
To recap, Trump was “deplatformed” on Twitter — and also on Facebook — after leaving even supporters with a troubling sense that he helped incite the Jan. 6, 2021 mob invasion of Washington’s Capitol building in which several people were killed and American democracy was disgraced. That proved to be the final straw after years in which Trump had been crying fire unimpeded in the crowded theater of Twitter (here’s a handy list).
Silencing Trump reduced the nonsense factor in the global discourse, but free speech it was not. Trump was not the only habitual liar on Twitter. Is nonsense to be illegal? Who shall police this? Where to draw the line? Such are the difficult questions for which the answers are subjective.
And it’s a lose-lose proposition for Musk. Keep Trump off and you look like a hypocrite; restore him and you outrage the left and possibly brand Twitter as a home for right-wing quackery. Moreover, it is not actually clear whether reminding the world of Trump’s weirdness will help or hinder him in 2024. And critically for Twitter, it is also not clear which path will drive away more users. Which relates to the great mystery of twitter.
How on earth did they fail to make money?
The question of lost users is critical to the great dilemma that has dogged Twitter: unlike Facebook and Instagram (LinkedIn, now part of Microsoft, is a mystery), it has proven unable to make money despite its hundreds of millions of users.
Part of the problem has been insufficient growth of its base in recent years. But a more fundamental challenge is that many advertisers have shied away from attaching themselves to content so unpredictable and potentially incendiary. Twitter has run afoul of “brand safety” — a disaster.
Surely Musk will look at costs, which includes massive R&D that may be reducible. Perhaps Twitter needs no new features; its value proposition is clear and largely predicated on simplicity. Unlike the metaverse, Twitter is comprehensible and useful to all: a text message (maybe with visuals attached) to every other human.
Much has been made of possibly adding an edit function, but that would be problematic: imagine retweeting a tweet that is then altered. If Musk does one thing only (unless he really wants to charge for access), let him instead enhance filters and AI that resolve the brand safety concerns. That might convince people that he bought Twitter as a business, and not as the plaything of a megalomaniac.
Which is important in a way, for Musk has cemented his status as a poster child of the outrageous inequality, in riches and influence, wrought by 40 years of tech disruption, globalization and liberalization. It can be fun for as long as it lasts, and certainly nice for a handful of tycoons, but history teaches that these things can end in tears.
(Story appeared originally in The Jerusalem Post)